In German all the nouns are spelled with an initial capital letter. For example- das Haus, die Mutter, die Flasche. In these examples the first letter H,M or F is capital. In the same example you notice that the noun has it's gender: be it masculine, feminine or neutral. In Hindi also we say:" yaha ram Ka Ghar hai" or "Yaha sita Ka pen hai". In these examples we know in Hindi Ghar and Pen both are in category of masculine. So in German also a noun falls either in the category of der(masculine), die(faminine) or das(neutral). And when we learn a noun we have to learn it with the respective articles. So we can learn it with the table for definite and indefinite articles.
- For definite:
- For indefinite:
It means for any new word in German you will find an indication of definite article like m(for masculine), f( for feminine) and n or Nt(neutral). Er ist personal pronoun for masculine.
Es ist personal pronoun for neutral. And sie ist personal pronoun for feminine.
In der Stuhl= the chair is masculine but some times you may see dieser Stuhl here dieser(= der) ist demonstrative pronoun of masculine noun. One more thing about noun is very important in German and that is ajective ending before a noun if adjective is used. Adjectives before the nouns are always declined preceded by a definite article. The singular form ends in -e: die blonde Frau; der blonde Mann or das blonde Kind. But if adjective comes at the end of the sentence and not before the noun like das Kind ist blond. Then ending will not be used. Thanks for reading the same with keen interest.
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